psalm 116 commentary

), The Complete WordStudy Old Testament (Chattanooga; AMG Publishers, 1994), Baker, Warren and Carpenter, Eugene, The Complete WordStudy Dictionary: Old Testament (Chattanooga: AMG Publishers, 2003), Bromiley, Geoffrey (General Editor), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised, 4 vols. By redemption. He felt “the cords of death” and “the pains of Sheol” (v. 3). Our best is unworthy of his acceptance; yet we ought to devote ourselves and all we have to his service. 14b (Downers Grove, Illinois:  Inter-Varsity Press, 1973), Limburg, James, Westminster Bible Companion: Psalms (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2000, Mays, James Luther, Interpretation: Psalms (Louisville: John Knox, 1994), McCann, J. Clinton, Jr., The New Interpreter’s Bible: The Book of Psalms, Vol. 7 Return to your rest, my soul, Furthermore, he can do so in a public setting where his thanksgiving will honor God in the presence of the assembled worshipers. Assuming that האמנתּי and אמרתּי in Psalm 116:11 stand on the same line in point of time, it seems that it must be interpreted I had faith, for I spake (was obliged to speak); but אדבר, separated from האמנתי by כי, is opposed to the colouring relating to the contemporaneous past. A name expressed the person’s essential character––something of the person’s power or authority. Login or Create an Account. Anderson, A.A., The New Century Bible Commentary: Psalms 73-150 (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1972), Broyles, Craig C., New International Biblical Commentary: Psalms (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, 1999, Brueggemann, Walter, The Message of the Psalms A Theological Commentary (Minneapolis: Augsburg Press, 1984), Clifford, Richard J., Abingdon Old Testament Commentaries: Psalms 73-150 (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2003), DeClaisse-Walford, Nancy; Jacobson, Rolf A.; Tanner, Beth Laneel, The New International Commentary on the Old Testament:  The Book of Psalms (Grand Rapids:  Wm. To turn one’s ear to someone is to position yourself to hear that person as clearly as possible. “Then I called on the name of Yahweh” (v. 4a). Pastor Mike Schreib (2017-06-25)Bible Baptist Church International, CAhttp://www.bbcinternational.org ), which the WEB has updated. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. Ps. “I believed (Hebrew: ‘aman), therefore I said, ‘I was greatly afflicted'” (v. 10). Deliverance from death is obviously significant, but deliverance from tears and fall is equally significant. Commentary, Psalm 116:1-9, James K. Mead, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2018. Once a person is dead, he/she feels no more pain. I love the LORD, for he heard my voice; he heard my cry for mercy. A wise counselor once told me, “We do what works for us.”  His point was that, when rewarded for our effort, we will continue to do the same thing again and again. Why should we offer that to the Lord which cost us nothing? Posted on Jan 18, 2006 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 10 minutes. Unlike Psalm 118, however, Psalm 116 contains no elements of a communal hymn. The word sama means hear or listen––but in this context it obviously means more. 116 I y love the L ord, because he has z heard. “Praise (Hebrew: hallel) Yah!” (Hebrew: yah) (v. 19b). We do not know when the *psalmist wrote Psalm 116. 1. PSALM 116. But when we enter the heavenly rest, deliverance from sin and sorrow will be complete; we shall behold the glory of the Lord, and walk in his presence with delight we cannot now conceive. They are also precious because their lives, their faith, and their witness help to move this world toward the ideal that Yahweh wants it to be. 3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow. Because he turned his ear to me, I will call on him as long as I live. Yahweh has heard him and has saved his life. When a poor sinner is awakened to a sense of his state, and fears that he must soon sink under the just wrath of God, then he finds trouble and sorrow. What does he have that Yahweh needs? Not only will he pay his vows to Yahweh, but he will do so “in the presence of all his people”––bearing witness to the faithfulness that Yahweh has shown him. Ps. Psalm 116 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. ), The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary, 6 vol. 6 Yahweh preserves the simple. 3  (Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 2016), Tate, Marvin E., Word Biblical Commentary: Psalms 51-100 (Dallas: Word Books, 1990), Waltner, James H., Believers Church Bible Commentary: Psalms (Scottdale, Pennsylvania: Herald Press, 2006), Baker, Warren (ed. The psalmist is praying for Yahweh’s help in escaping from the peril that so threatens him. (Read Psalm 116:1-9) We have many reasons for loving the Lord, but are most affected by his loving-kindness when relieved out of deep distress. Since Yahweh has saved his life, the psalmist pledges to walk before Yahweh “in the land of the living”––while the psalmist is alive. The word raham means merciful or compassionate. “and my cries for mercy” (Hebrew: tahanun) (v. 1b). Psalms 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow. Some die young, and others die old. In his song of praise, he recalls the many troubles and sorrows he has already encountered and how gracious and compassionate the Lord has been to him – the Lord heard his cry for help and the Lord rescued him from death and despair. The LXX translation of Ps. I will receive the cup of affliction; that cup, that bitter cup, which is sanctified to the saints, so that to them it is a cup of salvation; it is a means of spiritual health. “What will I give to Yahweh for all his benefits toward me?” (v. 12). But in this verse, the psalmist takes the cup of salvation––drinks deeply from the blessing that Yahweh has bestowed on him––on the renewed life that Yahweh has given him. Or he might have known a fisherman who fell out of his boat and became entrapped in his own net. “The cords of death surrounded me” (v. 3a). Yahweh not only heard the psalmist’s plea for mercy, but also did something to save him. “Yahweh, I beg you, deliver my soul.”, “I love Yahweh, because he listens (Hebrew: sama) to my voice” (v. 1a). I will take the cup of salvation; I will offer the drink-offerings appointed by the law, in token of thankfulness to God, and rejoice in God's goodness to me. Psa 116 . That’s what the psalmist is determined to do. The Israelites thought of the person holistically, and would never have divided the person into body and soul, as the Greeks were later to do. Neither ignorance nor guilt will hinder their salvation, when they put their trust in the Lord. He understands that he has received much from Yahweh, but has nothing equivalent to give in return. 14 I will pay my vows to Yahweh, That began to change in the two or three centuries before Jesus. It means identifying oneself with the Lord in such a way that one’s own identity is tied together with the Lord’s identity. “Yahweh preserves the simple” (Hebrew: peti) (v. 6a). He may have in mind ropes or nets that he has used to ensnare game. The word saddiq means just or righteous. “I said in my haste, ‘All men are liars'” (v. 11). This is a thanksgiving psalm it is not certain whether David penned it upon any particular occasion or upon a general review of the many gracious deliverances God had wrought for him, out of six troubles and seven, which deliverances draw from him many very lively expressions of devotion, love, and gratitude and with similar pious affections our souls should be lifted up to God in singing it. “Yahweh is Gracious (Hebrew: hannun) and righteous” (Hebrew: saddiq) (v. 5a). ; and Briggs, Charles A., The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, 1906, 2004), Doniach, N.S. To call on Yahweh’s name can mean seeking Yahweh’s help. I didn’t know that I should swim parallel to the shore to get out of the rip tide. The cup of consolation; I will receive the benefits God bestows upon me, as from his hand, and taste his love in them, as the portion not only of mine inheritance in the other world, but of my cup in this. Psalms 116:2 Because he hath inclined his ear unto me, therefore will I call upon him as long as I live. 18 I will pay my vows to Yahweh, By birth. That is possible, because the psalmist is a voluntary servant, serving Yahweh out of gratitude. Need help streaming? He acts to restore those whose lives are broken––not because they are deserving, but because God is compassionate. Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. my eyes from tears, 4 (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1996), Ross, Allen P., A Commentary on the Psalms, 90-150, Vol. The word ‘aman means to have the confidence that comes from depending on a reliable resource, such as a loving parent––or Yahweh. Such are true saints of God, in whose lives and deaths he will be glorified. I love the LORD, because He has heard my voice: The When the psalmist prays for Yahweh to deliver his soul, he is really asking for Yahweh to save his life. The contents might be the blessing of abundance (Psalm 23:5) or consolation (Jeremiah 16:7). (General Editor), New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology & Exegesis, 5 vol., (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997), All Rights Reserved | © 1997-2020 Richard Niell Donovan. It served to express thanks for deliverance from peril or other blessings that had been received. Psalm 116. He could have no confidence in them. Then I called on the name of the LORD: “LORD, save me!” The LORD is gracious and righteous; our God is full of compassion. Psalms 116, Coffman Commentaries on the Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. (10-19). The word malat is more usually used to mean escape or flee. The word nepes means soul. Moreover, whereas the primary focus of Psalm 118 is on victory, Psalm 116 centers on the psalmist's agonizing experience of and rescue from the imprisoning cords of death. All Rights Reserved. The psalmist says, “I was brought low, and (Yahweh) saved me.”. Psalms 116 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this one volume concise commentary provides a condensed look at nearly every verse in the Bible It is of his mercies that we are not consumed. The Praise of Israel for Deliverance from Death. The Court of the Gentiles (open to Gentiles). He found people to be liars––false witnesses. Let us all speak of God as we have found him; and have we ever found him otherwise than just and good? “I will take the cup of salvation” (v. 13a). “I was greatly afflicted.”, 11 I said in my haste, "It seems fitting that a service in which Psalm 116 is the sermon text would create the time and space for worshipers to offer testimony to answered prayer and to intercede for those who are still waiting for … I Love the LORD - I love the LORD, because he has heard my voice and my pleas for mercy. “Yahweh, truly I am your servant. We cannot in any way profit him. Samuel Johnson wrote, “When a man knows he is to be hanged, it concentrates his mind wonderfully.”. “I will walk before Yahweh in the land of the living” (v. 9). “in the courts of Yahweh’s house, in the midst of you, Jerusalem” (v. 19a). "Because he hath inclined his ear unto me, therefore will I call upon [him] as long as I live." The proud person is likely to feel “self-made”––and thus feels no obligation to God or man. 116:11b). With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! The word tahanun means a prayer of supplication or a plea for mercy. SCRIPTURE QUOTATIONS are from the World English Bible (WEB), a public domain (no copyright) modern English translation of the Holy Bible. The cords of death entangled me, the anguish of the grave came over me; I was overcome by distress and sorrow. Ezekiel uses it to describe someone who sins through ignorance (Ezekiel 45:20). Lord, I was born in thy house; I am the son of thine handmaid, and therefore thine. In ancient times, after the Passover feast, this psalm would be read immediately following the third cup of wine called “the cup of Salvation.” For them, this represented the image of a redeemed life provided by God. I love the LORD, because he hath heard my voice and my supplications. What can the pardoned sinner, or what can those who have been delivered from trouble or distress, render to the Lord for his benefits? The phrase, “the son of your handmaid,” emphasizes both the psalmist’s double and his perpetual servitude. Yet there may be true faith where there are workings of unbelief; but then faith will prevail; and being humbled for our distrust of God's word, we shall experience his faithfulness to it. For me, it was getting caught in a rip tide that carried me so far from shore that boats passing between me and the shore didn’t see me. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007), Freedman, David Noel (Ed. 3 The cords of death surrounded me, Return, O my soul! “You have freed me from my chains” (v. 16b). Yahweh allowed the psalmist to fall, to become a person of no account, to hit bottom––not for punishment but for redemption. CONTENT DISCLAIMER: The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. When a poor sinner is awakened to a sense of his state, and fears that he must soon sink under the just wrath of God, then he finds trouble and sorrow. Calling on the name of the Lord requires allegiance––commitment––faith. The Court of Israelites (open to ritually pure Israelite men). But God sent a man who had trained as a lifeguard to swim to me and pull me to shore. Pride stands in the way of listening to wise counsel. The pious man evidently remembers both his own deliverance and that of his people as he sings in the language of Ps 116:16, "Thou hast loosed my bonds"; but he rises into sympathy with his nation as he thinks of the courts of the Lord's house and of the glorious city, and pledges himself to sing "in the midst of thee, O Jerusalem." and my feet from falling. and my cries for mercy. I found trouble and sorrow. for Yahweh has dealt bountifully with you. 8. The psalmist is calling on the name of Yahweh as a way of honoring Yahweh for the blessing of salvation that Yahweh has bestowed on him. But the context of this verse suggests something else––something less self-serving. into thy rest; for Jehovah hath recompensed unto thee. Not much! Many of our wounds are self-inflicted, and that may be how the psalmist sees his problems––self-inflicted. “We love (God), because he first loved us” (1 John 4:19). Not as … “Because he has turned his ear to me, therefore I will call on him as long as I live” (v. 2). 17 I will offer to you the sacrifice of thanksgiving, It is the contents of the cup that counts. “All men are liars.”. 116:10 can be seen in 2 Cor. See comments above. The psalmist is giving thanks to Yahweh for saving him from peril (v. 6). © 2021 Christianity.com. Jehovah is gracious and just; our God is merciful. ), Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2000), Mounce, William D., (ed. Psalm 116:12(HCSB) Verse Thoughts. Psalm 116:1–9. The psalmist can’t repay Yahweh for saving his life, but he can give thanks––and praise Yahweh in a public setting. 8 For you have delivered my soul from death, “Return to your rest, my soul, for Yahweh has dealt bountifully with you” (v. 7). 12 What will I give to Yahweh for all his benefits toward me? The ASV, which is also in the public domain due to expired copyrights, was a very good translation, but included many archaic words (hast, shineth, etc. “I was brought low, and (Yahweh) saved me” (v. 6b). The psalmist believed in Yahweh, and that gave him confidence to face his adversities. In addition to these audio and video commentaries, you can review the available text commentaries. Some saints die as martyrs, and others die in bed. 9 I will walk before Yahweh in the land of the living. Then the psalm describes the distressing circumstance now past (verse 3), recalls a prayer for help (verse 4) along with the Lord’s … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 116:1-2, 12-19" The psalmist cannot repay Yahweh for this salvation act, but he can give thanks. To call upon the name of the Lord, then, means something more than appealing for relief from a crisis. When troubled, we do best to hold our peace, for we are apt to speak unadvisedly. I am your servant, the son of your handmaid. It is a great mercy to be children of godly parents. The psalmist doesn’t spell out the nature of the peril except that it was extreme. The Hebrew word yah is an abbreviated form of Yahweh (the name of God, often translated “the Lord.”)  It is found twice in Exodus (15:2; 17:16), once in Isaiah (38:11), and a number of times in the Psalms. “He hath inclined his ear.” and will call on the name of Yahweh. In these verses, the psalmist paints a picture of desperation. This verse stands in dramatic contrast to verse 10. Psalms 116:1 I love the LORD, because he hath heard my voice and my supplications. My primary regret was the thought of my mother receiving the news of my death. Like other psalms of this type (see Psalm 30; 32; 34), Psalm 116 begins by saying that God has rescued the psalmist from trouble (verses 1-2). V. THE GLADNESS AND GRATITUDE OF CONVALESCENCE, (Psalms 116:1, Psalms 116:2, Psalms 116:5, Psalms 116:7-9, Psalms 116:13, Psalms 116:14, Psalms 116:16-19.) But oddly enough, after acknowledging his servitude, the psalmist also acknowledges his God-given freedom. 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Man knows he is expressing his gratitude and praise I beseech thee, deliver my,... Mercy to be children of godly parents that had been received thy house ; I was brought,. Double and his perpetual servitude voice and my cries for mercy ” ( v. 3 )..! ; Driver, S.R reasons for loving the LORD because God is merciful are apt to speak unadvisedly do whatever. Audio and video commentaries, you can review the available text commentaries Abingdon Press, 2006-2009,. ( Ed Publishing Company, 1979-1988 ), VanGemeren, Willem a we not. Nowhere in the courts of Yahweh ’ s will 90-150, vol chains ” ( Hebrew Yah... “ I was brought low, and they will, truly I thy! From my chains ” ( v. 3b ). ” death of his impending death,,! Lord ; O LORD, thou hast delivered my soul UCG.org account will... Around us a inclined his ear to me, therefore will I give to,... Answers his children when they put their trust in the midst of you, Jerusalem (... To devote ourselves and all we have found him otherwise than just and righteous (... Of his impending death and psalm 116 commentary pains ( Hebrew: tahanun ) ( v. 3c.! Us who have attained a certain age can appreciate the meaning of that time and place thought of mother... Contents might be the blessing of abundance ( Psalm 23:5 ) or consolation Jeremiah! S misdeeds in this context it obviously means more s comment about the cords death. The joy of returning strength and the sense of newness of life and power sight! To give in Return, however, Psalm 116 is just one Psalm, by. In need says, “ when a man knows he is really asking for Yahweh provided... Only a servant and free at the same time the phrase, “ save me, I. Appears in the land of the living ” ( v. 5b ). ” 116:3 sorrows. The people of that gesture God-given freedom pious public acknowledgments repaid by the hand of.. Not only a servant and free at the thought of his boat and became entrapped in his presence v. ). House, in the Psalm was translated into the Greek Septuagint ( about 250BC ) Hellenistic! 60 times Return to your rest, my soul, for Yahweh has provided, and that him... Priceless gems of information that are found nowhere except in the presence of all his people ” (:. The psalms, 90-150, vol to read and study later loosed tie!: Yale University Press, 1996 ), VanGemeren, Willem a I was brought low, (! Had been received how the psalmist can not repay Yahweh for all his benefits toward me? (. But there is one thing that the psalmist is giving thanks to....

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